AI for Social Good

Top 10 Limitations of Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has provided remarkable capabilities and advances in image understanding, voice recognition, face recognition, pattern recognition, natural language processing, game planning, military applications, financial modeling, language translation, and search engine optimization. In medicine, deep learning is now one of the most powerful and promising tool of AI, which can enhance every stage of patient care —from research, omics data integration, combating antibiotic resistance bacteria,  drug design and discovery to diagnosis and selection of appropriate therapy. It is also the key technology behind self-driving car.

However, deep learning algorithms of AI have several inbuilt limitations. To utilize the full power of artificial intelligence, we need to know its strength and weakness and the ways to overcome those limitations in near future.

Now, AI support messaging apps, and voice controlled chatbots are helping people for deep space communications, customer care, taking off the burden on medical professionals regarding easily diagnosable health concerns or quickly solvable health management issues and many other applications. However, there are many obstacles and number of issues remain unsolved. 

Even with so many success and promising results its full application is limited. Mainly, because, present day AI has no common sense about the world and the human psychology. Presently, in complex application areas, one part is solved by the AI system and the other part is solved by human – often called as human-assisted AI system.  The challenges are mostly in the large-scale application areas like drug discovery, multi-omics-data integration, assisting elderly people,  new material design and modeling,  computational chemistry, quantum simulation, and aerospace physics.

This article is focused to explain the power and challenges of current AI technologies and learning algorithms. It also provides the directions and lights to overcome the limits of AI technologies to achieve higher levels learning capabilities.

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Machine Learning to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance

Machine Learning to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance

The seven top machine learning projects to fight against antimicrobial resistance are explained. Antimicrobial resistance  is one of the key reasons of human sufferings in modern hospitals. Preventing microbes from developing resistance to drugs has become as important issue for treating illnesses across the world. Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, genomics and multi-omics data integration are the fast-growing emerging technologies to counter antimicrobial resistance problems. Here,  Dr. Amit Ray explains how these technologies can be used in seven key areas to counter antimicrobial resistance issues.

What’s Holding Back Machine Learning in Healthcare

What is holding back the large scale implementation of machine learning systems in healthcare and precision medicine? In this article Dr. Amit Ray, explains the key obstacles and challenges of  implementing large-scale machine learning systems in healthcare.   Dr. Ray argued that lack of deeper integration, incomplete understanding of the underlying molecular processes of disease it is intended to treat, may limit the progress of implementing large-scale machine learning based reliable systems in healthcare. Here, nine obstacles of present day machine learning systems in healthcare are discussed. 

What Holding Back Machine Learning in Healthcare

Machine Learning in Healthcare

Recently, machine learning algorithms, especially deep learning has shown impressive performance in many areas of medical science, especially in classifying imaging data in different clinical domains. In academic environment, Deep learning and Reinforcement learning methods of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has shown tremendous success in numerous clinical areas such as: Omics data integration (such as genomics, proteomics or metabolomics), prediction of drug-disease correlation based on gene expression, and finding combinations of drugs that should not be taken together. Deep learning is very successful in predicting cancer outcome based on tumour tissue images. Machine learning are used for medical decision support systems for ICU and critical care. Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare Current Trends discusses the current status of AI in healthcare. Read More »What’s Holding Back Machine Learning in Healthcare

Artificial intelligence for Assisting Navigation of Blind People

Grid Cells and Artificial intelligence for Assisting Navigation of Blind People

Designing automated navigation system for blind people is one of the key project  of our Compassionate AI Lab. Dr. Amit Ray explains how grid cell, place cell and path integration strategies with artificial intelligence can be used  for designing the navigation system for blind people. The project focuses on how image recognition, voice recognition and path navigation methods of artificial intelligence can be used  for automated navigation system for blind people. Artificial intelligence can be used for helping blind people in many ways. Here, we discuss about our recent project of using AI techniques for automatic navigation. Read More »Artificial intelligence for Assisting Navigation of Blind People