Artificial Intelligence (AI) has provided remarkable capabilities and advances in image understanding, voice recognition, face recognition, pattern recognition, natural language processing, game planning, military applications, financial modeling, language translation, and search engine optimization. In medicine, deep learning is now one of the most powerful and promising tool of AI, which can enhance every stage of patient care —from research, omics data integration, combating antibiotic resistance bacteria, drug design and discovery to diagnosis and selection of appropriate therapy. It is also the key technology behind self-driving car.
However, deep learning algorithms of AI have several inbuilt limitations. To utilize the full power of artificial intelligence, we need to know its strength and weakness and the ways to overcome those limitations in near future.
Now, AI support messaging apps, and voice controlled chatbots are helping people for deep space communications, customer care, taking off the burden on medical professionals regarding easily diagnosable health concerns or quickly solvable health management issues and many other applications. However, there are many obstacles and number of issues remain unsolved.
Even with so many success and promising results its full application is limited. Mainly, because, present day AI has no common sense about the world and the human psychology. Presently, in complex application areas, one part is solved by the AI system and the other part is solved by human – often called as human-assisted AI system. The challenges are mostly in the large-scale application areas like drug discovery, multi-omics-data integration, assisting elderly people, new material design and modeling, computational chemistry, quantum simulation, and aerospace physics.
This article is focused to explain the power and challenges of current AI technologies and learning algorithms. It also provides the directions and lights to overcome the limits of AI technologies to achieve higher levels learning capabilities.