Here, we discussed seven key requirements for implementing efficient quantum computing systems. The seven key requirements are long coherence time, high scalability, high fault tolerance, ability to initialize qubits, universal quantum gates, efficient qubit state measurement capability, and faithful transmission of flying qubits. They are seven guidelines for designing effective quantum computing systems.
Quantum computing is the key technology for future artificial intelligence. In our Compassionate AI Lab, we are using AI based quantum computing algorithms for human emotion analysis, simulating human homeostasis with quantum reinforcement learning and other quantum compassionate AI projects. This tutorial is for the researchers, volunteers and students of the Compassionate AI Lab for understanding the deeper aspects of quantum computing for implementing compassionate artificial intelligence projects.
Earlier we have discussed Spin-orbit Coupling Qubits for Quantum Computing and AI, Quantum Computing Algorithms for Artificial Intelligence, Quantum Computing and Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Computer with Superconductivity at Room Temperature. Here, we will focus on the exact requirements for developing efficient quantum computers.
Building a quantum computer differs greatly from building a classical computer. The core of quantum computing is qubits. Qubits are made using single photons, trapped ions, and atoms in high finesse cavities. Superconducting materials and semiconductor quantum dots are promising hosts for qubits to build a quantum processor. When superconducting materials are cooled, they can carry a current with zero electrical resistance without losing any energy. These seven requirements refereed as DiVincenzo criteria for quantum computing .