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Ray Yoga Resistance Breathing for Respiratory Muscle Training

Yoga Resistance Breathing for Respiratory Muscle Training

In today’s hyperactive, stressful and hyper-connected world of overstimulation and pollution, keeping respiratory muscles strong, happy and healthy is a major challenge. A great way to establish a healthy body and joyful mind is to strengthen your respiratory muscles optimally with special yoga breathing exercises. 

In this guide, we’ll introduce deep resisted yoga breathing techniques and its various uses and benefits. We’ll then show you several ways you can verify and uses its power. You can use it alongside with your daily yoga exercises,  meditations, and medications.

This is a great way to overcome the difficulties of panic attacks, anxieties and hyperventilation. It has vast array of beneficial effects in the three domains of physical health, mental health and cognitive performance.

What is Respiratory Muscle Yoga Training?

The Ray respiratory muscle yoga training is a new way to improve strength or endurance of the inspiratory or expiratory muscles. This is a tool that can benefit just about anyone interested keeping stress, strain, anxiety, pain, and blood pressure under control. This yoga strength breathing training can be accomplished by breathing against a resistance.  You can build the resistance naturally with your hands, fingers, abdominal muscles and the nostrils.

This is an external device free, natural sets of yoga breathing exercises. It enables you to:

  • Control the blood pressure of your body
  • Maintain the pH balance of the body optimally 
  • Reduce the airway resistance during normal breathing
  • Increase the effective lungs volume
  • Enhances the vagal nerve activity 
  • Uncover and resolve the breathing difficulties and errors naturally
  • Integrate your body, mind and inner metabolisms optimally.

What are the respiratory muscles?

The respiratory muscles are those muscles that contribute to inhalation and exhalation. From a functional point of view, there are three groups of respiratory muscles:

  • the diaphragm
  • the rib cage muscles
  • the abdominal muscles. 

The diaphragm is a thin skeletal muscle that placed at the base of the chest and separates the abdomen from the chest. The diaphragm should be viewed as two distinct muscles, crural and costal, which act in synchrony throughout respiration.

The rib cage muscles consist of three layers of muscles external, internal, and innermost layer they combine to fill the space between the ribs.

The abdominal muscles consist of four main muscle groups that combine to completely cover the internal organs include:  the external obliques, the internal obliques, the transversus abdominis, and the rectus abdominis.

What is the mechanism of breathing?

Breathing is a physical process of inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide​. It is a combination inspiration and expiration. Inspiration is an active process. Expiration is a passive process. In inspiration we take air into the lungs and expiration is the expulsion of the air out of the lungs.

Breathing mechanism diagram

Breathing mechanism

The most important muscle of respiration is the diaphragm. When you inhale, or breathe in, your diaphragm contracts and moves downward and its edges move outward. This compresses the abdominal cavity, raises the ribs upward and outward and thus expands the thoracic cavity. This expansion draws air into the lungs.

Expiration is a passive process because the lungs naturally want to recoil inward and collapse. During expiration, the lungs deflate without much effort from our muscles. However, the expiratory muscles – internal intercostals, rectus abdominis,  external and internal obliques, transversus abdominis – can contract to force air out of the lungs during active breathing periods.

What is Resistance Breathing?

The key objective of resistance breathing is to activate and strengthen the respiratory muscles by various breathing mechanisms. Primarily in resistance breathing you voluntarily reduce the oxygen intake and carbon dioxide elimination for short duration by the providing some controlled breathing resistance.

The three most common procedure for yoga respiratory muscle resistance strength training include:

  • flow resistance – breathing through a small nostril openings  
  • pressure resistance – building respiratory pressures with fingers 
  • muscle resistance – building pressures on the rib cage and the abdominal muscles

What is Yoga Resistance Breathing?

According to Sri Amit Ray, the respiratory yoga resistance breathing, or the Virodhana pranayama techniques are one of the best ways to purify the mind and body. They make the mind focused and inward. There are ten of resistance breathing exercises and, in general, all of them cleanse the body and purify the mind. In these yoga techniques the flow resistance, pressure resistance and the muscle resistance are developed in a sequential and rhythmic manner.

The yoga resistance breathing (Virodhana Pranayama) techniques varies depending on the use of the respiratory muscles and the rhythms. Broadly, it can be classified in the following five groups:  

  1. Diaphragm muscle training: The diaphragm is a motor muscle of breath and which can be automatic, forced, or controlled. It’s the dome-shaped muscle found below your lungs, separating your chest cavity from your abdominal cavity. Here, the yoga techniques are used to build the resistances through this muscle.
  2. Finger Training: The respiratory rhythm, directly and indirectly, affects the central nervous system (CNS).  In yoga resistance breathing the natural rhythms of the breath and holding the breath, sustaining the breath in different rhythms are controlled by the movement of the fingers. Resistance yoga breathing brings the breath consciously in a definite and particular rhythm. 
  3. Rib cage yoga muscle training: Tightness in muscles that attach to your ribs can impair your ability to breathe. Several yoga breathing exercises can improve your rib cage mobility and strength.
  4. Abdominal muscle yoga training: These yoga exercises are developed to strengthen your core respiratory muscles. 
  5. Nada Anushandhan respiratory training: The mantras like “So Hum”, “Om Namah Shivaya” or just “Om” are used to activate the olfactory nerves and the vagus nerve.  Nada Anushandhan is  investigating, purifying the mind and merging with of the supreme divine sound.
The 114 chakras Resistance Breathing

The 114 Chakras Meditation Class

Olfactory Nerves and Yoga Resistance Breathing

Breathing through the nose stimulates the olfactory nerve at the top of the nasal cavity. Moreover, it enhances the visuospatial brain power. The olfactory nerve is the only nerve in the central nervous system that continually regenerates throughout your adult lives. The olfactory nerve is composed of neurons that originate in the mucus tissue of the nose and run the short distance to the olfactory bulb, one of the most primitive parts of the brain.

Vagus Nerve and the Yoga Resistance Breathing

The vagal nerve is considered as the key proponent of the parasympathetic nervous. Activating the vagus nerve via yoga breathing techniques can calm your autonomic nervous system. Yoga resistance breathing is a universally accessible cost-free way to quell performance anxiety anyplace and anytime.

During the exhalation phase of the resistance breathing, the vagus nerve squirts out like a tranquilizer. Acetylcholine, ACh is the primary neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system and counteracts “fight, flight, or freeze” stress responses.

Vagus nerve is one of the longest nerves in the body and it is 80 percent of our parasympathetic nervous system, also referred to as our ‘rest and digest’ system. When we have a high vagal tone or healthy vagal tone that is indicative that when you inhale, you have a slight increase in your heartbeat, and when you exhale, you have a slight decrease in your heartbeat. It is also associated with better physical and mental well-being. 

The Benefits of Using Respiratory Muscle Yoga Training

There are many benefits to using these yoga breathings on your mind and body. Some of the most important advantages include the ability to reduce your high blood pressure, and make improvements to your bodies’ energy flow. You can even check on and optimize internal improvements such as increases in diaphragm thickness, changes in muscle fiber type (greater fatigue resistance), and improvements in strength.

This powerful pranayama affects the functioning of different systems of the body and affords countless benefits. These breathing exercises will help you develop physically, mentally and emotionally. Here are a few of the benefits of the resistance yoga breathing techniques:

  • Increases lung’s capacity to take in Oxygen 
  • Reverses age by retaining youth
  • Reduces stress
  • Enhance stamina
  • Helps control shortness of breath
  • Improves speed of recovery
  • Builds endurance
  • Increases muscular strength
  • Improves digestion
  • Improves blood pressure

Respiratory muscle weakness and fatigue are contributing factors to many breathlessness sensations. A stronger muscle can contract more  forcefully and potentially resist fatigue. Specifically on COPD, there is a typical pattern that exists. The lungs are overinflated, the diaphragm tends to be flat at rest and the respiratory muscles are functionally and structurally weak. Scientists observed that, resistance breathing can improve the condition. 

Millions of Americans have breathing problems because of COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, along with issues like chest or back pain and a cough that doesn’t go away. Breathing problems may also stem from other serious problems such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, COVID-19, and lung disease related to HIV or AIDS. However, yoga resistance breathing can improve these conditions. 

Adaptation of the Respiratory Muscles

Adaptation of the respiratory muscles to the slow increase of the load of the yoga exercises is very important for consistent gains. Unlike Hatha yoga pranayama, in our Ray 112 Shiva-shakti yoga pranayama tradition, the exercises are adjusted over time to avoid plateauing. The partial openings of the nostrils are the key elements in this yoga pranayama. 

An 8-week expiratory muscle strength yoga breathing training program in healthy individuals is generally helpful. Normally, these yoga exercise are done about 21 resistance inhalations – two to three times per day, preferably in the morning and evening. Total training for around 5-10 minutes per day is very effective. Progressively, the load is increased.

Types of Yoga Resistance Breathing Techniques

The rib cage and the abdominal muscles are primarily “pressure generators.” Conversely, the diaphragm is primarily a “flow generator.” The yoga resistance breathing techniques are available in the following three forms:

  • inspiratory muscle yoga resistance training (IYR) only,
  • expiratory muscle yoga  resistance training (EYR), and
  • both inspiratory and expiratory muscle training (CYR).

In all the above cases, the resistance load can be adjusted to change the load. This is done by using a progressively increased flow resistance or increased pressure resistance. 

Here are five best yoga resistance breathing techniques: 

  1. PanchAnguli Pranayama
  2. PanchAngha Nada Yoga Pranayama
  3. Sarva-Akarsini Pranayama
  4. SarvaRogahara Pranayama
  5. SarvaSiddhiprada Pranayama.
Resistance Breathing Kumbhaka Pranayama vs Virodhana Pranayama

Kumbhaka Pranayama and Virodhana Pranayama Combined Cycle

Yoga resistance breathing (Virodhana Pranayama) is different from the retention breathing (Kumbhaka pranayama) techniques. The figure shown above explains the differences. The Yoga resistance breathing (Virodhana Pranayama) techniques are different from the traditional Hatha yoga pranayama techniques. These techniques are part of the Ray 114 chakras traditions and the Ray Sri Chakra Sadhana traditions. For example, the Sarva-Akarsini Pranayama includes the combined cycle of retention breathing and resistance breathing. 

Generally retention breathing (kumbhakas) force the breath into the central sushumna channel, but resistance breathing (Virodhana Pranayama) works in opposite way. It cleans the the central sushumna channel and then the breath and the Kundalini energy flows blissfully in the sushumna channel without any force.

The 72000 Nadi System

The 72000 Nadi System

Types of Pranayama in Patanjali Yoga sutra

According to the Patanjali Yoga Sutra, (Verses 2.49 to 2.51),  pranayama starts by slowing and reducing the effort in the breathing. The pranayama has the following ten control aspects:

  • outward flow (exhalation),
  • inward flow (inhalation), 
  • retention of breath (internal or external), 
  • regulation by movements,
  • regulation by place,
  • regulation by time,
  • regulation by number,
  • regulation by slowing down the breath,
  • regulation by making the breath subtle.

Moreover, when all your thought waves, ideas in the mind and the objects are settled, there starts a natural pranayama, which is beyond the normal.

Basic Rules of Yoga Resistance Breathing Exercises 

You can follow the following basic steps for best yoga breathing exercises:

  1. Before undertaking any of these breathing practices, learn to sit in a steady and comfortable posture.
  2. Make sure your alimentary canal is empty, but you are neither hungry or thirsty.
  3. Brush your teeth, scrape your tongue, and keep your nostrils healthy and clean. 
  4. Make sure that both your nostrils are open. If one nostril is blocked to the point that your breathing becomes uncomfortable, then use the techniques.
  5. Make sure your mind is not running here and there at that time. Then you sit with your eyes closed and the mind is completely settled.
  6. Never exceed your capacity. Expand your capacity slowly. Never bully yourself and do not compete with others practicing this pranayama. Self-assessment and guidance from a competent teacher will help you achieve the most result with least risk.

Steps for Respiratory Muscle Yoga Resistance Breathing

I am giving here a simple example of yoga resistance breathing exercise. This is know as SarvAkarsani Pranayama.  This yoga abdominal resistance breathing exercise can increase the strength and mobility of your diaphragm. It massages viscera and the abdominal muscles; relaxes and stretches the lumbosacral region. It helps improve awareness of the abdominal area and slows down mental frequencies.

To do this you can follow the steps below:

  1. Gently round your back and take the “cat” pose in yoga.
  2. Make sure that your shoulders are over your hands and your hips are over your knees.
  3. Take a deep breath through nose and try to imagine the air is pushing into the stomach, fell the stomach blow up with the air.
  4. While breathing out through mouth, drive the sternum up towards the ceiling to create a hump in the upper back.
  5. Focus the breath and imagine the air get into the dome created and slowly and fully breathed out through mouth.
  6. Maintain the position for 6 breaths and return to the starting position.
  7. Take 1 to 2 minutes resting interval and then repeat the above procedures for 5 cycles.
  8. Do not hold breath throughout the process.
  9. Take one min rest between two cycle, to prevent hyperventilation.
  10. Allow yourself a little time to get into a regular rhythm. It may help to imagine that as you are breathing in, you draw half a circle with your breath around your body, and as you breathe out, you complete the other half of the circle. Allow your breath to become smooth, easy and regular.
  11.  Now, slow down your breathing out, then be conscious of a comfortable pause before allowing your breaths in to follow smoothly and easily. If any distractions, thoughts or worries come into your mind, allow them to come, then allow them to go, and bring your attention back to your breathing.
  12.  When you are ready to end this exercise, take a few deeper breaths in. Bring some feeling back into your fingers and toes. Open your eyes slowly, and turn over onto one side before gently sitting up.

Looking Forward

To improve your health and mind, you should start thinking about yoga resistance breathing. Taking a deep, resisted, breath offers a new and unconventional way to generate the benefits of exercise and physical activity. 

So there you have it, five different yoga ways that you can improve your respiratory muscles to make sure that you’re more connected to the world, you’re enhancing your physical and mental well-being, and you’re living life to the fullest.

Take the time and make the effort to change your breathing habits. Your heart, mind and your loved ones will thank you.

Sri Vidya Sadhana Advanced Course

Sri Vidya Sadhana Advanced Course

9 thoughts on “Ray Yoga Resistance Breathing for Respiratory Muscle Training”

  1. Hello “Dr. Amit Ray”, I heard allot about you and just after visiting your site I am seriously fan of you….I have a question, will you plzzz guide me that how could I improve my concentration and mind power. I love your manifestation chakra articles too. Please reply me as early as possible.

    Excellent article. Thanks for this guide!
    Katherine

  2. This post is very informative and it covers everything on yoga resistance breathing.
    I will love to share few of my personal experiences on breathing, that may be helpful for others, particularly for COPD but always consult your doctor.
    I think, the most useful physical exercises for COPD is resistance breathing. While there is no permanent cure for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exercise and good nutrition can help you live better. They can help ease symptoms and improve a person’s overall health. People with COPD, however, do not have fully functioning diaphragms, so stale waste gas becomes trapped in the lungs.
    I practice lip breathing. It is breathe in through the nose, then breathe out for twice as long through the mouth while pursing the lips.
    I also practice diaphragmatic breathing. It is just breathe in through the nose, taking note of how the belly fills up with air. Then breathe out through the mouth for two to three times as long, noting the belly falling during exhalation.
    Low-intensity body movement is also very useful. I focuses on slow body movements and breathing. It is a series of movements that flow together in constant motion. It causes minimal stress on muscles and is easy on joints.

    I will very gladly read all what you write.
    Steven

  3. Hi Dr. Ray,
    What an insightful post! A very detailed discussions on yoga breathing.
    We traditionally rewards scientific studies and peer reviewed research articles but that view is diminishing, because mostly they lack reliability. I think, mostly they are controlled and manipulated by the big pharma.
    I think, the ancient yoga techniques are more reliable and useful. More important is breathing exercises and physical movements that meet the needs of the individuals. Ancient yoga breathing exercises are time tested. In the modern world, these rules of resistance breathing are very useful. They are no longer an exception. In other words, we want our exercises should be easy and beneficial for everyone. I love the techniques, they are very useful for me.

    This post is worth bookmarking! Great share.
    Daisy

  4. Dr. Ray,
    This is the longest content i read on yoga breathing and honestly it’s worth doing more research and practice on it. Last year it took me 48hrs to complete all your “.. ultimate yoga guides ..” 🙂
    I believe resistance yoga breathing will take another major shift within a couple of year including several major update and focused on better health, better user experience, and preventive health care.

    The best way to prepare for future virus and other health issues is to understand the diff between preventive care and curative care…

    Thanks..

  5. Hi Dr. Ray,
    I am a yoga teacher, I know the traditional Hatha yoga practices and the breathing techniques. But I want to improve myself and want to learn more about the yoga resistance breathing techniques. The list of yoga breathing techniques are as follows:

    1. Bhastrika Pranayama (Breath of fire)
    2. Kumbhaka Pranayama (Breath retention)
    3. Simhasana (Lion’s Breath)
    4. Mrigi Mudra Pranayam (Deer seal breathing)
    5. Kapalabhati Pranayam (Skull shining)
    6. Nadi Sodhana (Alternate Nostril Breathing)
    7. Surya Bhedana (The solar breath)
    8. Chandra Bhedana (The lunar breath)
    9. Ujjayi Pranayama (The sound of ocean waves)
    10. Bhramari Pranayama (Humming bee breath)
    11. Sheetli Pranayama (Cooling breath)
    12. Dirga Pranayama (Long Breath)

    Normally in breath control, there are three stages of pranayama breathing. The three components to the breath are:

    • Purak (inhalation)
    • Kumbhak (retention)
    • Rechak (exhalation)

    However, I know the yoga resistance breathing techniques are different. I always feel there is something more. I want to know them.
    May you please help me to check it if anything else I should improve.
    Thank you in advance.

    Prashant

  6. Dear Sir,
    I am deeply fascinated by your article. I practice conscious breathing on regular basis. I also do Ujjayi resistance breathing. Both are very useful for me. I want to know more about the resistance breathing techniques that you have mentioned in the 114 chakra books. I love to know about all the 112 shiva-shakti pranayama.
    Recently, slow breathing practices have gained popularity in the western world and researchers observed that it is associated with health and longevity. Normally a resting adult takes averaging around 16 breaths a minute, about 23,000 breaths a day. Reducing the total number breaths per day, and total oxygen intake, enhances longevity. It is a well known ancient yoga technique.

    Respiratory researchers observed that reduced breathing rate, hovering around 5-6 breaths per minute in the average adult, can increase vagal activation leading to reduction in sympathetic activation, increased cardiac-vagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and increased parasympathetic activation all of which correlated with mental and physical well being. Moreover, the slow breathing increases the oxygen absorption that follows greater tidal volume, which reduces the physiological dead space in the lungs. This in turn produce another positive effect, that is, a reduction in the need of breathing.

    Recent breathing researches has shown that quick, shallow and unfocused breathing may contribute to a host of problems, including anxiety, depression and high blood pressure. I think, cultivating greater control over our lungs can bring many benefits to our mental and physical health.

    Interestingly, scientists are finding that a particular frequency of breath, at around six exhalations a minute can be especially restorative, triggering a “relaxation response” in the brain and body. I think slow breathing with equal inspiration/expiration have positive cardiorespiratory effect.
    I will love to see a comparison between resistance tantra breathings and the slow breathing techniques.
    Thanks
    Kishore

  7. Dear Dr. Ray,

    I’ve struggled with PTSD and anxiety, since childhood. I know the power of breathing.
    Its first time, going through such magical article on breathing. It is very innovative and helpful.
    Conscious diaphragmatic breathing is extremely relaxing for me. It calms the autonomic nervous system and is essential preparation for deep Yoga meditation​. I love the explanations of the Patanjali Yoga Sutras on breathing exercises (pranayama).

    “Once that perfected posture has been achieved, the slowing of inhalation and exhalation is called breath control (pranayama).” ~ Yoga Sutra – 2.49

    “The practice of pranayama has three aspects: external, internal, or stationary. They are regulated by place, time, and number, with breath becoming slow and subtle.” ~ Yoga Sutra – 2.50

    “There is a fourth pranayama, that occurs during concentration on an internal or external object.”- Yoga Sutra 2.51

    “As a result, the veil over the light is destroyed.” ~ Yoga Sutra 2.52

    “The mind becomes fit for concentration.” ~ Yoga Sutra 2.53

    Yoga practitioners have, of course, been reaping the benefits of pranayama for millennia – without any technological aids. The latest scientific research simply helps us understand the reasons why these practices are so beneficial, outside of their religious or spiritual context, and to find potential new ways to maximize them.
    Let’s exhale slowly and fully and bring our lower belly toward our spine.
    Your topic always gives a fresh idea and joyful energy.
    Thank you for all the helpful information.
    Hayden

  8. Damn That Was Huge Article. It Took Me Around 6-7 Hrs To Read And Understand Properly.
    You know, I put things off a lot and don’t seem to get nearly anything done. I collected some more information to improve my understanding about yoga breathing exercises (pranayama). My thoughts are as follows:

    Prana is the very essence of cosmic life, the subtle principle which evolved the whole universe into its present form and which is pushing life towards its ultimate goal. Breath is the external manifestation of prana – the vital life force. By exercising control over this breathing, we can control the subtle prana inside, which controls the mind.

    Pranayama as per Hatha Yoga Pradipika:
    According to the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, there are eight types of pranayama: “The eight kumbhakas are: suryabhedana, ujjayi, sitkari, sitali, bhastrika, bhramari, murcha, and plavini.” – Hatha Yoga Pradipika – 2.44

    Pranayama as per Bhagavad Gita 4.29:

    “apane juhvati pranam | prane ‘panam tathapare | pranapana-gati ruddhva | pranayama-parayanah |apare niyataharah |pranan pranesu juhvati. ||” Bhagavad-Gita – 4.29

    According to Bhagavad-Gita, pranayama is a auspicious Yojna (sacrifice). The apana air goes downward, and the prana air goes up. The pranayama yogi practices breathing the opposite way until the currents are neutralized into puraka, equilibrium. Similarly, when the exhaled breathing is offered to inhaled breathing, it is called recaka. When both air currents are completely stopped, it is called kumbhaka-yoga. By practice of kumbhaka-yoga, the yogis get peace and increase the duration of life by many, many years.

    As per Bhagavad Gita, the downward breath (apana) current flows from the point between the eyebrows to the coccyx. This downwardly flowing breath distributes itself through the coccyx center to the sensory and motor nerves and keeps the consciousness of a person delusively tied to the body. The downward breath is restless and engrosses person in sensory experiences.
    The upward breath (prana) flows from the coccyx to the point between the eyebrows. The nature of this life breath is calm and peaceful; it withdraws inwardly.
    There is thus an opposite flow and psychology exercised by the downwardly flowing current (apana) and the upwardly flowing current (prana). Balancing these two opposing current is known as pranayama.

    Pranayama as per Gheranda Samhita
    “There are three types of pranayama: Twenty matras 20-80-40, Sixteen matras 16-64-32 and twelve matras 12-48-24. The twenty matras is the best.” Gheranda Samhita – 5.55.

    People perform these various kinds of breathing practices for the purpose of purification and spiritual growth.
    Sir, I want to learn all the 112 Shiva-Shakti tradition of breathing practices.
    Exciting article.
    Thanks

  9. Wow, wow, wow. I happened to stumble upon this today as I was looking for something related to breathing exercises. I always, love to share my feelings with you because you understand both the width and length of science and deep spiritualty like no one else. Meditation with you is always an eternal blessing for me.
    Sir, I want to clarify few of my scientific understandings about yoga resistance breathing.

    The defense strategies of the respiratory system include three levels of protection; prevention, interception, and repair. Proper breathing, intake of Zinc, Vitamins C, D and E have protective features in many disease states associated with enhanced oxidative stress. Both prevention and repair of the tissues of the respiratory system can come from resistance yoga breathing.

    Oxygen is our life, but excessive oxygen breathing might induce excessive levels of oxidative stress. I feel, resistance pranayama (breathing exercises) can reduce the oxidative stress. The reduction of excessive oxidative stress is the key purpose of the ancient breathing exercises.

    Recently scientists observed that, excessive levels of oxidative stress are associated with many diseases, including atherosclerosis, cataract, retinopathy, myocardial infarction, hypertension, renal failure, and uremia.
    Oxygen toxicity occurs on high oxygen intake.

    Hyperoxia is a state of excess supply of O2 in tissues and organs. Hypoxemia is known as a decrease in the partial pressure of oxygen in the blood whereas hypoxia is defined by reduced level of tissue oxygenation. Both can occur due to either defective delivery or defective utilization of oxygen by the tissues.

    Hypercapnia is a buildup of carbon dioxide in your bloodstream. Hypercapnia changes the pH balance of the blood, making it too acidic. A sudden rise in carbon dioxide, called acute hypercapnia, is more dangerous, because your kidneys can’t handle the spike.

    Toxicity arises from the enhanced formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative stress is known as excess production of ROS relative to antioxidant defense. A delicate balance exists between ROS production and the antioxidant defenses that protect cells. Even a modest elevation of lung vascular pressure has been shown to activate pro-inflammatory responses in endothelial cells of the lung venular capillaries, and increased production of ROS. An imbalance between the production of ROS and the antioxidant defenses that protect cells has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases, such as cancer, asthma, pulmonary hypertension.

    Modern research evidence suggests that antioxidant can control the autoxidation by interrupting the propagation of free radicals or by inhibiting the formation of free radicals and subsequently reduce oxidative stress, improve immune function, and increase healthy longevity. Exceeding the antioxidant defense, may also generate excessive oxidative stress.

    The balance of the antioxidants, oxygen and the carbon dioxide in the blood are the key factors for modern health to work against viruses as well as overstimulated lifestyle.

    Sir, your discovery, of the 112 resistance pranayama of the Shiva-Shakti tradition is a great asset for humankind.

    I love to see widespread of this tradition of breathing exercises with proper guidance in modern world.
    Please share your valuable thoughts on this more and more.
    Thanks

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